Objectives Of Non-Aligned Movement: Whenever we talk about the two superpowers, we remember the era of the Cold War. The Cold War race was a war of war involving the whole world and both the superpowers were busy propagating their ideologies. Rural Economy In India
The Second World War gave rise to the Cold War and the atmosphere of the cold war escalated gave rise to the Non-Aligned Movement. Now the question arises here, what must have been the reasons that the newly developed countries did not join the ranks of the superpowers and formed a separate group?
During the Cold War, the atmosphere was so severe that any country at that time would go against the superpower or try to leave, it was considered to be against itself.
When the situation was like this, the thing to think about is that at this time it was not easy to build a group and to prevent the serious situation going on among the superpowers by including newly developed countries in that group. http://www.factsedu.com
What is the Non-Aligned Movement
What is the Non-Aligned Movement: When both the superpowers were engaged to spread their ideology and prove themselves to be the best, then some countries formed a non-aligned camp. Non-alignment has its roots since 1954 but directly in 1961, the first Non-Aligned Conference was held in Belgrade. The countries associated with this camp are also called Non-Aligned Countries or the Third World. (Objectives Of Non-Aligned Movement)
Let us now know why the Non-Aligned Movement was formed, what reasons were involved behind this new faction.
why was the formed
Why Was The Non Aligned Movement Formed: When we talk of the Non-Aligned Movement, under this movement we cannot count anyone reason that these were the causes of this movement, at this time the whole world was divided between two ideologies and some of these ideologies became the reasons. For the creation of a new faction. The following reasons for the formation of this group were.
1. Stop The Cold War.
- We all know very well that the phase of the Cold War had started only after the Second World War and this race was so severe that the whole world was affected by this situation. Both superpowers (the Soviet Union and the United States) were at their peak.
- To understand what the climate of the Cold War was like, first of all, we have to understand the Cold War, what was it? If you understood the Cold War, then you can easily understand the situation from the Second World War to the end of the Cold War.
What is the cold war?
The Cold War refers to a situation in which there is a war between the two sides (the Soviet Union and the United States) but there is no war, it is called a Cold War.
In simple words, it can be said that there is a situation of fighting between two people but neither of them should fight and both wait for the first one to strike. This serious atmosphere was given the status of the Cold War.
During the Cold War, both the superpowers faced such a serious situation which is known as the Cuban Missile Crisis. Even during the Cuban Missile Crisis, both superpowers were ready to attack each other, especially the Soviet Union.
Preventing such a serious situation called the cold war was also a major objective. How to choose a career path
2. Preventing newly developed countries from joining the superpowers.
(Why Was The Non Aligned Movement Formed) The superpowers wanted to add newly developed countries to their groups to make themselves more powerful. This newly developed country or we can also call it a developed country.
Now the question arises here, what was the need of the superpowers that they tried to add underdeveloped countries to their camp. There was a great aim to include the developed countries in their camp. this is the main Objectives Of the Non-Aligned Movement.
(a). natural resources
(B). Military base
These were the 4 important objectives due to which the superpowers wanted to include underdeveloped countries in their groups. And not allowing these under-developed countries to join the factions of the superpowers was also an important objective of the creation of this new group.
3. Fear of third world war.
After the Second World War and during the Cold War, such circumstances had become such that it seemed that the Third World War would also take place. And the Cuban Missile Crisis had shocked the whole world. It was also a very important objective to build this new group.
4. Developing underdeveloped countries.
Non-aligned countries were not just countries that mediate during the Cold War. Most of the countries involved in the Non-Aligned Movement got the status of underdeveloped countries.
The main challenge before these countries was to develop more financially and to overcome the poverty of its people. Because all these underdeveloped countries were 9 independent countries in Asia Africa, Latin America. Those who were just freed, so it was more important to do the economic development of their country in front of them. Personality Development Tips
5. To Establish peace and relations between the superpowers.
During the Cold War, both the superpowers considered each other as their enemies, and in this situation both the superpowers and the countries associated with both the superpowers started manufacturing a large number of weapons.
Seeing this situation, it seemed to the non-aligned countries that the Third World War would also take place, so the non-aligned countries tried to make peaceful relations between the two from time to time. A peaceful relationship can be established.
Now the thing to think here is that when the two superpowers came so powerful, Objectives Of Non-Aligned Movement, then who had laid the foundation of non-alignment in front of them, who was the founder of the Non-Aligned Movement. So let’s know about the founder of the Non-Aligned Movement. (Non-Aligned Movement Founders)
Non-Aligned Movement Founders
(A). Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, who was the first Prime Minister of India and also played a politically important role in India’s independence movement. When the conference was held in 1961, when the conference was held, at that time, India also used to be on the list of underdeveloped countries because in 1947 India was also politically independent. Even in this difficult environment, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru played an important role in laying the foundation of non-alignment. (Non-Aligned Movement Founders)
(B). Josip Broz Tito.
Josip Broz Tito played the role of the ruler in Yugoslavia from 1940 – 1980, his attitude was always towards non-alignment. He also played an important role in establishing peace and unity in Yugoslavia.
Josip Broz Tito fought against Germany in the second world war, while Germany was very powerful at that time, it shows his attitude. If they talk about it, they always tried to keep a distance from the Soviet Union. How to start a business
(C). Gamal Abdel Nasser.
Non-Aligned Movement Founders: Gamal Abdel Nasser belonged to Egypt (Mishra) and played an important role as ruler of Egypt from 1918 to 1970. Opposing imperialism and socialism was also considered important among the important principles of Gamal Abdel Nasser. He always opposed imperialism and socialism. He also played an important role in the nationalization of the Suez Canal.
Non-Aligned Movement Founders: Sukarno was also the first President to belong to Indonesia. Sukarno was the President of Indonesia from 1945 – 1965. He played an important role in the freedom struggle of Indonesia and also led the freedom struggle. Sukarno was also opposed to socialism and imperialism like Gamal Abdel Nasser. He also organized the Bandung Conference at the time of laying the foundation of non-alignment.
(E). Kwame Nkrumah.
a Kwame Nkrumah was born in 1909 and was related to Ghana and was also the first Prime Minister of Ghana. Kwame Nkrumah played an important role in the freedom struggle of Ghana. These people took the side of African unity and socialism, they always opposed neo-colonialism.
After understanding all these issues correctly, let us know what was the vision of India during non-alignment.
Non-Aligned Movement and India (NAM and India)
Non-Aligned Movement And India: The name of India is also included among the founding countries of the Non-Aligned Movement. When India, along with the non-aligned countries, thought of forming a separate group of ideas of the two superpowers and to separate from them, then how did it benefit India? Will discuss
As the leader of the Non-Aligned Movement, during the Cold War, India played its role on two levels. At one level, India consciously and consciously kept itself apart from the camp of both the superpowers.
Second, opposed to knowing the newly independent countries in the ranks of the superpowers Tips for interviews
Third, Nehru reminded the world that nonalignment is not a ‘migration policy‘. You have always tried to stop the situation of war by reducing the discrimination between the two superpowers.
Non-Aligned Movement And India: Fourth, neither of the two superpowers could be unsuccessful about India because if any superpower pressed towards India, India would lean towards the other superpower. In such a situation, India was able to keep itself free from this factionalism. Career Counseling
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